Journal of

Case Reports and Images in Orthopedics and Rheumatology

 
     
Editorial
 
Arthroplasty in modern times: An orthopedic surgeon’s new challenges
Nithin Sunku
Orthopedic Surgery, Arthroplasty, Replacement of Joints, Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Bangalore, India

Article ID: 100009Z14NS2017
doi: 10.5348/Z14-2017-9-ED-6

Corresponding Author:
Nithin Sunku
Orthopedic Surgery, Arthroplasty
Replacement of Joints
Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences
Bangalore, India

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How to cite this article
Sunku N. Arthroplasty in modern times: An orthopedic surgeon’s new challenges. J Case Rep Images Orthop Rheum;2:27–28.

Orthopedics has advanced leaps and bounds in field of arthroplasty. Now more and more joint replacements are being performed on day to day basis. Apart from knee, hip and shoulder other joints which are finding place in replacements are ankle, elbow and interphalangeal joints.

Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is frequently done and is one of the successful treatments for end stage arthritis. Lots of options and different implants are available, but do surgeons really influence or change the clinical practice management?

The development of new device for replacement of joints requires time and investment. Material properties will influence device design and there will definitely determine their functional score. Other than design a few variables also influence the outcome.

One study recently showed that the TKA survival in patients younger than 55-year-old was comparable to that in older active patients, without increased complications or revisions at a minimum follow-up of 10 years. The results of this study showed that primary hybrid TKA can provide successful pain relief, function and quality of life in younger patients with osteoarthritis [1].

Despite obvious technical differences and highest levels of evidence including Cochrane reviews, we surgeons are the ones to choose from these options based on our philosophy and cannot comment using for or against specific methods using hard criteria. We face a certain status— when even Cochrane evidence leads to Philosophy [2].

So lots of factors influence the replacement surgeries. These need to be kept in mind before we go in for surgery.

Keywords: Arthroplasty, Hip, Knee, Replacement of joints, Shoulder


REFERENCES
  1. Lizaur-Utrilla A, Martinez-Mendez D, Miralles-Muñoz FA, Marco-Gómez L, Lopez-Prats FA. Comparable outcomes after total knee arthroplasty in patients under 55 years than in older patients: A matched prospective study with minimum follow-up of 10 years. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2017 Nov;25(11):3396–402.   [CrossRef]   [Pubmed]    Back to citation no. 1
  2. Sadoghi P. Controversies in total knee arthroplasty: Cochrane evidence or surgeons' philosophy? Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2017 Nov;25(11):3331–2.   [CrossRef]   [Pubmed]    Back to citation no. 2

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Author Contributions
Nithin Sunku – Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Guarantor of Submission
The corresponding author is the guarantor of submission.
Source of Support
None
Conflict of Interest
Author declares no conflict of interest.
Copyright
© 2017 Nithin Sunku. This article is distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided the original author(s) and original publisher are properly credited. Please see the copyright policy on the journal website for more information.



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