Case Series
 
Diagnosing hydrosalpinx by three-dimensional ultrasonography in inversion mode
Mamata Deenadayal1, Kadambari2, Suhasini Donthi3, Aarti Deenadayal Tolani4
1MD, DGO, Clinical Director, Infertility Institute and Research Centre, Hyderabad, India
2MD, DGO, FICOG, Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, Micro Surgeon, Infertility Institute and Research Centre, Hyderabad, India, Former Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad
3PhD, Research Associate, Infertility Institute and Research Center, Hyderabad, India
4MS, Infertility Specialist, Scientific in-charge, Infertility Institute and Research Centre, Hyderabad, India

Article ID: 100031Z08MD2017
doi: 10.5348/Z08-2017-31-CS-11

Corresponding Author:
Dr. Aarti Deenadayal Tolani
MS, Infertility Specialist and Embryologist,
Infertility Institute and Research Centre
91-1-192, St Mary’s road,
Opp. Prashanth Theatre,
Secunderabad, 500003,
Telangana,
India

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How to cite this article
Deenadayal M, Kadambari, Donthi S, Tolani AD. Diagnosing hydrosalpinx by three-dimensional ultrasonography in inversion mode. J Case Rep Images Obstet Gynecol 2017;3:47–50.


ABSTRACT
Introduction:Tubal abnormalities like hydrosalpinx, a suggestive feature of a tubal disease need to be screened in infertile women before the treatment. Although magnetic resonance imaging scan offers many advantages over other diagnostic algorithms, the procedure is relatively expensive and not readily accessible compared with the other forms of imaging.
Case Series:In this case series, we demonstrated the advantages of three-dimensional transvaginal ultrasonography in diagnosis of different features of hydrosalpinx with superior quality imaging. Five infertile women those were suspected for pelvic inflammation upon clinical examination were screened for hydrosalpinx by three-dimensional transvaginal ultrasonography (TV-USG). Different features of hydrosalpinx such as dilated fallopian tubes along with a paraovarian cyst, typical retort shaped cystic lesion, S-shaped cystic lesion, multiloculated nature of the fallopian tube were visualized.
Conclusion:The findings obtained by 3D TV-USG almost comparable to MRI scan. Therefore, we feel that the incorporation of 3D modality in the imaging procedures improves the evaluation of complex pelvic masses.

Keywords: Fallopian tubes, Infertility, Inversion mode, Pelvic inflammation, Three-dimensional imaging


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Author Contributions
Mamata Deenadayal – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Kadambari – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Suhasini Donthi – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Aarthi Deenadayal Tolani – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Guarantor of Submission
The corresponding author is the guarantor of submission.
Source of Support
None
Conflict of Interest
Authors declare no conflict of interest.
Copyright
© 2017 Mamata Deenadayal et al. This article is distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided the original author(s) and original publisher are properly credited. Please see the copyright policy on the journal website for more information.